D. B. Gurung - Life and Letters
Thursday, 26 April 2012
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      Written, collected and edited by Ram Prasad Prasainram_parsain@yahoo.com   One of contemporaneous signatures in the field of Nepali writers in English, D. B. Gurung was born in a middle-class Gurkha family in Kathmandu. His family hailed to Kathmandu originally from Rumjatar, the... Read More...
Doing creative writing is not like running a news article based on a fact - D. B. Gurung
Friday, 27 April 2012
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      (Mr. Ram Prasad Prasain and his colleague Mr. Keshar Bahadur Balampaki met and talked about various facades of Nepalis Writing in English with D. B. Gurung. They prepared the questionnaires and emailed them to the novelist; and he answered them. It is written and personal interview. –... Read More...
Ancient Kapilvastu was Pretty Much Where The Tilaurakot Ruins are Today
Saturday, 04 August 2012
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[On the basis of the Ashokan edicts at Paderia and Nigliva and their location along with reports of Rohan L. Jayetilleke (Article in The Himalayan Voice, March 22,2010) and Robin Coningham of Bradford University we can accept the location of Kapilavastu in Nepal Tarai zone. In this context the... Read More...
Litterateur Gothale no more
Tuesday, 14 December 2010
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Famous playwright and novelist Govinda Bahadur Malla 'Gothale' passed away on Monday. He was suffering from asthma and other bodily ailments since long. Malla, 88, died at around 12 in the afternoon at the Himal Hospital located in Kamalpokhari where he was undergoing treatment since Dec 5. Born in... Read More...
2013 Monsoon Floods in Nepal and India: What happened and what could have been done?
Tuesday, 25 June 2013
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[This article is extracted from ICIMOD official website. To view full text with pictures, please visit the source : http://www.icimod.org/?q=10932. Editor]   While the world is waking up to the news of the horrific scale of the recent flood disaster in the Mahakali basin of Nepal and Uttarakhand... Read More...
Oh, Subru! Hi, Humanity
Monday, 06 May 2013
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IMAGE                                                                 — Ram Prasad Prasain   Retiring the tiresome day He bid and told me, Wrapping up the all conversations, “Sir, don’t send my body to my country” “Why?”  I was... Read More...
Roman to Unicode
Monday, 15 April 2013
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Pilgrimage Sites In Nepal.html

Lumbini (The Birthplace of Gautama Buddha)

Lumbini is the birthplace of Gautama Buddha. This the apostle of peace, compassion, non-violence and universal brotherhood was born here in 624 B.C. It is the most sacred place of Buddhism and lies in the Terai about 250 km south west of Kathmandu, the capital city of Nepal.

Lumbini remained neglected for centuries. Further exploration and excavation of the surroundings area revealed the existence of a brick and sandstone sculpture within the temple itself, which depict the scenes of Buddha's birth.

Very recently, several Buddhist countries have built several beautiful shrines in Lumbini. An international committee has also been set up for the development of this sacred historical place.

A visit to Lumbini, the birthplace of Buddha, the realm of the Shakya, is not only for spiritual enlightenment but also for the solace and satisfaction that one normally gets in a calm and peaceful place like this.


About twenty-five and some years ago, Kapilvastu was a small republic situated beneath the Churia or Shiwalik range of the foothills of the Himalayas. At the time of the birth of Buddha, Suddhodana the father of Buddha was ruling in Kapilvastu as its chief or king. The first description of Kapilvastu is by the Chinese historian and pilgrim, Fa-hien who visited Lumbini and Kapilvastu in 403. A.D. When he reached the site, the city was marked by desolate ruins and mounds. A few monks and common people lived there. Excavation of Kapilvastu and the surroundings was started from 1899 and Kapilvastu was located in 1901. Proper excavations were conducted in 1967 and onward by the department of archaeology, His Majesty's Government (HMG). At this site the structural remains of the palace of the king Suddhodana and several stupas were found. More important details are yet to be revealed after further excavations.

Kapilvastu is an important native place of Buddha where he spent his first 29 years of life. Kapilvastu is associated with several incidents of his life such as: meeting the sick person, meditation of Saint Asit, competition with Shakya youth, shooting of an arrow to cause the spring of water to gush out and so on. When Buddha got enlightenment in Bodhgaya, 500 Shakyas and 8 princes adopted Buddhism in Kapilavastu. He also preached to his father and son Rahula here.


This is the second holiest place of Buddhism in Nepal. Swayambhunath is perched on hilltop over looking Kathmandu and is a complex of temples including Nepal's most famous landmark, this large stupa adorned with eyes watching over the Kathmandu valley.

Swayambhunath located 6.5 km west of Kathmandu is popularly called Swayambhu which means \self-existent\. This shrine is dedicated to the supreme Adi-Buddha. Its religious significance is also described in the Swayambhu Purana written in the 15th century. This is a very holy shrine for Buddhist and is equally regarded as sacred by the Hindus as well.


Baudhanath is one of the largest Buddhist shrine and is situated on the north east of Kathmandu about 8 Km on the way to Gokarna and Sankhu.It is by and large, a Tibetan shrine and the date of construction is not known but is regarded as one of the oldest Lamaist shrines in the world. It is believed to have been built over the small garbha, which contains probably some of the ashes of a very eminent Tibetan Lama named Kasha who came to Nepal on a pilgrimage but died here. Mainly it is a pilgrim spot of Buddhist Tibetans, Sherpa and other highland peoples of Nepal.

It is dedicated to Bodhnath, the god of wisdom , and is located at the centre of Kathmandu Valley.


(Content & Pictures Source: http://www.lumbini.org.uk/pilgrimage.html )

Buddhists Festivals.html

Buddha Purnima - Buddhists remembering threefold events, the birth of The Buddha in Lumbini, attainment of Buddhahood in Buddhagaya and his Parinirvana in Kusinara celebrate Buddha Purnima – Vesak which falls on full moon of May. Devotees go to religious places on this day freely as it is official holiday. Practising generosity, cultivating morality and contemplating on meditation is done in every Buddhist temples. Going to Swayambhu, displaying picture of Buddha outside the house, reciting devotional songs and Buddha’s relic procession are some of colourful events take in Nepal during this day .

Gunla – Religious month in August when Buddhists visits Swayambhu daily for this month. It is considered as religious month. Playing Gunla drums, which is religious music, devotees visit Swayambhu and Buddhist shrines (Vaidya, which is displayed specially during this month in Baha and Bahis in Kathmandu Valley).

Vijaya dasami – Buddhists commemorate this day as a day of victory of peace. Emperor Asoka, who lived 2 century after the Buddha gave up weapon and known as Dhammasoka from Chandasoka. By listening to the novice monk the warrior Emperor Asoka became peaceful in his heart. After becoming devout to Buddhism he built shrines and pagodas across the India and Nepal. Thanks to his thoughtful action, stabilising pillars and rocks, today we know where the Buddha lived and taught the Dharma.

Mukha Astami – Annually during month of October-November at Pasupati, god Siva is covered by The Buddha’s face and done rituals. For this day Pasupati becomes a Buddhist shrine. During this period Buddhists observe precepts (vrata) and participate in rituals.

Chaita Dasain – In the month of December-January Statue of Compassion (Janmadya, Karunamaya) is put in chariot taking in parade around the Kathmandu city. Fortnight before the Karunamaya is given bath, redrawn face. City parade with national troop takes a week. During this week chariot is stopped over night on the way to the Shrine where devotees visit and lit lamps and do offerings.

Panjaran – Give alms to shrines and Gurju (household Buddhist monks) in Swayambhu and in household. Panjaran Bigu is time when devotees offer various foods to Gurjus.

(Article Source: http://www.lumbini.org.uk/festivals.html)

Sites To Visit In Lumbini.html

Lumbini’S Facts And Figures.html




Articles Taken from LUMBINI magazine, May 1998, volume 1:

Lumbini’s Facts and Figures

1. Lumbini is the birth place of the Buddha and situated in present day Nepal.

2. It is located at 22 km south-west of Siddharthanagar (Bhairawa).

3. Lumbini was visited by the Buddha several times.

4. After the Buddha’s demise Lumbini became a Buddhist holy place.

5. In 249 B.C. Emperor Asoka visited Lumbini and erected an inscribed stone pillar marking the birth place of the Buddha.

6. The account of Shui-Ching-Chu of 4th century A.D. recorded the existence of the Asokan pillar and seven stones marking first seven steps of the Buddha.

7. Fa-Hsian (403 A.D.) and Hiuen Tsiang (636 A.D.) Chinese travel-lars visited Lumbini..

8. 1312 A.D. Ripu Malla from Kathmandu Valley visited Lumbini.

9. 1893 A.D. Major Jaskarna Singh of Nepal rediscovered it.

10. 1896 A.D. Alois A. Fuhrer, German archaeologist excavated the site for the first time.

11. 1899 A.D. P. C. Mukherji, Indian achaeologist surveyed and excavated the site.

12. 1908 A.D. and 1924 A.D. P. Landon, a renowed historian on Nepal visited Lumbini.

13. 1932-1939 A.D. General Keshar Sumsher J.B.R. excavated and restored the site.

14. 1967 U.N. Secretary General U. Thant visited Lumbini and made Lumbini Development Project an international concern. A master plan for the Lumbini development was prepared by Kenzo Tange, Japanese architect.

15. 1970-1971 A.D. B.K. Rijal, a Nepalese archaeologist located and excavated Lumbini village as mentioned in Asokan Pillar.

16. 1992 A.D. an archaeological excavation of the Mayadevi shrine was started with Japanese archaeologists’ assistance.

17. 25 July 1995 a rare terra-cotta panel depicting Prince Siddhartha at royal ease in his bed chamber with Princess Yosodhara was found at the excavation. The image is of Gandhara art and is date could be 4th-6th century A.D. Its size is 68×37 cm.

18. On 4th Feb 1996 Prime Minister of Nepal declared the discovery of the exact location of Buddha’s birth spot.

19. Many construction works according to the master plan have finished e.g. foundation work of the whole project, Lumbini International Research Institute etc.

20. Many Buddhist monasteries representing different countries are either complete or under construction. Monasteries from Myanmar, Thailand, Korea, China, Japan, and Vietnam are mostly or partially finished.

(Article source: http://www.lumbini.org.uk/may_1998_2.html)




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